Hip Replacement Surgery Has Come a Long Way

In the 100 plus years, hip replacement has been practiced, the surgery has come a long way. This is due to rigorous testing and research into the prosthetic materials used, as well as, technological developments in diagnostic tools like the arthroscope. This single instrument has come to change industry practice and improve results worldwide. It offers highly-magnified imagery of inside the body, in real-time, so doctors can make their decisions quickly based on detailed evidence.

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The most common candidates for hip replacement are people with the degenerative form of arthritis called osteoarthritis. There are many other treatments designed to treat and manage osteoarthritis, but in some cases these treatments don’t properly restore the quality of life expected. So, when a limit to the amount of pain relief you get from other medications has been reached, hip replacement is one option that addresses your pain and immobility at its source.

Below is a short list of experiences worth consulting your doctor or specialist over:

    • Persistent pain despite pain relief medication
    • Pain increases with walking, even with a cane or walker
    • Discomfort interferes with your sleep
    • Stiffness and tenderness affects your ability to go up or down stairs
    • Immobility makes it difficult to rise from a seated position

There are also numerous other conditions that can require a range of treatments. Here is a list of other potential treatments for a range of hip conditions:

  • Arthritis in general;

Educational and exercise programs designed to improve general health, flexibility and self-management. Some regimes are more tailored and adapted uniquely to the different forms of the disease.

Assistive Devices: walking frames, canes etc.

Natural and Alternative therapies:  nutritional supplements, acupuncture or acupressure, massage, relaxation techniques and hydrotherapy are examples.

Analgesics for pain relief and include Acetaminophen, Opioids, (narcotics), and an atypical opioid called Tramadol. These pain-killers are commonly prescribed and can be effective for maintenance.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID’s), are the most commonly used drugs to ease inflammation and related pain. NSAIDs include Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen and Naproxen sodium.

Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation like Prednisone, Prednisolone and Methyprednisolone, which are potent and quick-acting.

Hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid acts as a shock absorber and lubricant in the joint naturally but breaks down in people with osteoarthritis.

Surgery: Arthroscopy, Total Hip Replacement or partial Hip Replacement.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, (NSAID’s), such as Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen and Naproxen sodium can be taken or for those with a vulnerability to ulcers a COX-2 inhibitor version called celecobix is an alternative.

Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation like Prednisone, Prednisolone and Methyprednisolone, which are potent and quick-acting.

Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, (DMARD’s), are drugs that work to modify the course of the disease and include Methotrexate, Hydroxycholorquine, Sulfasalazine, Leflunomide, Cyclophosphamide and Azathioprine.

Biologics are a sub-category of DMARD’s which target specific phases in the inflammatory process.

Another sub-category is the JAK inhibitor class which block the Janus Kinase pathways involved in the body’s immune response. Tofacitinib is a JAK inhibitor.

Surgery: Arthroscopy, Total Hip Replacement or partial Hip Replacement.

  • Fracture:

Treatment such as hospital admission, rest, braces, some forms of cast and surgery.

  • Dysplasia:

With developmental dysplasia of the hip a special harness is worn for 6 to 12 weeks to hold the joint in place while the baby’s skeleton matures.

  • Perthes’ disease:

Bed rest, pain-killers and a brace or splint. This is worn for up to 1 and 2 years for regrowth of femoral head. Possible surgery to treat deformities.

  • Slipped capital femoral epiphysis:

Surgery to reposition femoral head to fix into place.

  • Irritable hip syndrome:

Bed rest, pain-killers and NSAID’s.

  • Soft tissue pain:

Exercise program, Anti-inflammatory creams and pain-relieving medications for soft tissue pain.

When other treatments prove ineffective, hip replacement is one option with the potential to increase the scope of your active lifestyle and turn things around. It is even possible after recovery that when asked – ‘What are you capable of doing without pain?’ – you’ll be in a position to list a whole lot of activities you wouldn’t dream of doing today.

Hip Replacement is only ever undertaken on the advice of your specialist surgeon.

Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a common procedure used to treat joints when injury or osteoarthritis is complicating movement and creating pain. The instrument used is the arthroscope. This is a thin-headed fiber-optic telescope which functions as a camera. The visual information is then relayed to a large monitor in the surgical theatre for doctors to work from. Doctors consult the image in real time to evaluate their movements during surgery and make valuable diagnostic observations.

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Arthroscopy is a non-invasive form of surgery with usually Day Only hospital stays necessary. This is due to arthroscopy requiring only small incisions near the affected joint and minimal surgical disruption to the surrounding areas. The incisions made are an example of what have come to be known as the ‘keyholes’, of ‘keyhole surgery’. Arthroscopy is one of the most common forms of joint surgery, with 100,000 operations occurring annually throughout Australia.

The form of anaesthetic administered for arthroscopy is the ‘general anaesthetic’. Though due to the relatively short time these operations take, the affects of taking a ‘general anaesthetic’ rarely extend a patient’s hospital stay beyond a day. Regional anaesthetics are also used in combination with mild sedatives.

Understanding Total Hip Replacement Surgery

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A procedure in which the damaged or broken hip parts or areas are replaced with synthetic and artificial materials with durable and smooth substance to help make joints work properly is called hip replacement. To know what type of surgery is needed, the person that will undergo replacement should be examined by orthopedic surgeon. Nowadays, one of the most effective solutions to recuperate damaged hip due to arthritis or injury is hip replacement surgery.

Understanding Partial and Total Hip Replacement

Understanding hip replacement is important to be able to prepare for the surgery. First, we need to understand the difference between partial and total hip replacement. Now, both partial and total replacement will need a replacement in certain or all areas of the hip. In partial hip replacement, only half of the hip joint needs replacement. This occurs once the ball of the femur gets worn-out hence limiting movement and motion of the leg and creating ache and discomfort while walking. Total hip replacement, however, uses a synthetic joint in order to replace whole damaged hip framework. The process is similar to the partial replacement surgery, just this point the socket is replaced as well with synthetic.

Some Preparations You Can Do Before Undergoing Hip Replacement Surgery

Oftentimes, when you have made a decision to go for hip replacement surgery, you’ll be given a full physical examination by the GP to make sure you are generally in good health and sufficient to undergo the surgery and find out regardless of whether you have conditions or problems which may affect the procedure or even your healing. Other tests you need to go through like a chest x-ray, cardiogram, and urine and blood samples. If you are taking any medicine, it is important that you let your GP know about this so that they can give you advice prior to the surgery.

It’s good to donate blood prior to surgery.  You may need blood while in or following the surgery. Moreover, overweight may increase risks of surgery and will put more force on your artificial joint which could affect to your recovery. Have a dental check-up prior to the surgery. Even regular teeth’s cleaning isn’t recommended for a few months following the surgery. Finally, your skin must not have problems or bacterial infections when you go through surgery. Consult your GP to get a treatment if you are experiencing any of these.

In conclusion, it is important to understand what the hip replacement surgery can affect you. Hip replacement surgery won’t allow you to perform greater than was doable before. After the surgery, it is strongly recommended that you refrain from certain actions and high-impact sports such as jogging, basketball or cycling. You should also need to avoid particular posture of hip joint that could result in dislocation.

Hip replacement surgery has become an excellent and efficient treatment to repair hip injury. It is important to consider your alternatives by consulting with your GP so that you could be sure if this procedure suits your current condition.

Knee Surgery: A Solution To Avoid Knee Arthritis

Painful knees are a common problem in middle-aged people and elders, and the most common cause of knee pain in this population is Knee Arthritis. There are few treatments for knee arthritis early can help alleviate pain and return people to their daily activities. As some point, arthritis of the knee begins to interfere with the quality of life to the point that something has to change. When treatments such as Anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections and physical therapy, do not improve the situation total knee replacement may be an option. The most general reason of chronic knee pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis are the most common. Osteoarthritis generally occurs after age 50 and often in an individual with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away. The bones rub together, causing pain and stiffness in the knee. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid over-fills the joint space. This chronic inflammation can damage cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain and stiffness. Traumatic arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears in the ligaments of the knee can damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limited function of the knee.

Recent Advances in Knee Joint Replacement Surgery: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has developed knee replacement surgery, and many fields of medicine. Its key feature is that it uses specific methods and instrumentation to let surgeons execute major surgery without any large cut. MIS requires a much smaller incision, three inches to five years, compared to standard approach and the incision, which is usually eight to twelve inches. The smaller, less invasive approaches result in less tissue trauma, allowing the surgeon to work between the quadriceps muscle fibers rather than requiring an incision through the tendon. It may lead to less pain, shorter recovery time and better motion due to reduced formation of scar tissue. When a full knee surgery is performed, the bone and cartilage at the end of the thighbone (femur) and upper shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is done with accuracy to craft accurate surfaces to accommodate the implant. A metal and plastic implant knee replacement are put to work as a new knee joint. Depending on the condition of the cartilage on the under surface of the kneecap, this may also be replaced.

The knee prosthesis implants can wear out over time. The implant is made of metal and plastic, and while these implants are designed to last many years, all of which take time. Studies have shown knee replacement implants are functioning well in 90-95% of patients between 10 and 15 years after the knee surgery. Most full knee replacements last 20 years and many of them last longer. However, it is important to understand that there are possible complications of knee replacement surgery may reduce the life of the implant. Because of this, total knee replacement should be reserved for elderly patients with significant symptoms of arthritis.

When to Consider Hip Replacement Surgery?

 

Hip Replacement SurgeryIf you suffer from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid or septic arthritis, or you have Paget’s disease or hip dysplasia, you may experience significant hip pain and reduced movement, which is often significant enough to affect your day-to-day life. While non-surgical treatments, such as medications, physiotherapy and lifestyle changes, are available and can offer some success, these are not always sufficiently effective to relieve pain and improve your functional ability. In these instances, a hip replacement also termed a hip arthroplasty is usually recommended to restore your mobility and quality of life. With a variety of centers in the capital offering surgery to replace a damaged hip joint with an artificial prosthesis, it is important that you do your research before choosing a clinic for your surgery. Choosing a surgeon with expertise in hip arthroplasty makes sure that you will receive the best possible result from your joint replacement surgery so that your expectations of treatment are fully met.

Most doctors have more than 20 years of experience in performing surgical hip replacements. As they keep abreast of developments within the field of orthopedics, they work with the most up-to-date techniques and prostheses, all of which are backed by evidence from clinical studies to guarantee their effectiveness. Besides their commitment to the latest advances in hip arthroplasty, He or She also makes sure he delivers patient-centered care. This means that he involves you in decision-making and tailors your treatment to your individual needs. With his level of expertise and commitment to best practice you can trust that you will receive a complete hip replacement recovery.

Surgery Options:
Before you have your surgery you will meet with an orthopaedic surgeon for an initial assessment. This not only allows him to check your suitability for a hip replacement, but also enables him to advice on the most appropriate prosthesis for your circumstances. In cases where your hip damage is not sufficiently advanced to justify surgery, he will discuss more conservative treatment options with you and may suggest hip resurfacing as an alternative. Certain health problems are sometimes a contraindication to joint replacement surgery, the surgeon will also review your medical history before making a decision. When it comes to the type of procedure he recommends, a complete clinical assessment to decide whether a partial or total hip replacement is more suitable, and whether you would benefit most from a metal-on-plastic, ceramic-on-plastic or a metal-on-metal artificial hip joint. Where necessary he may also advise weight loss or recommend other lifestyle changes to aid your recovery following hip replacement surgery.

Knee Replacement Surgery: A Quarterback’s Success Story

Mr. Ken Matthews of West Beverly High is walking on cloud nine and resting on his laurels. Why won’t he? He is the campus figure of West Beverly High! Everything is going on his favor. College scholarship on the loom and he are hailed as the football quarterback of the Falcons; West Beverly’s undefeated football team. Aside from that, Ken has been a product endorser of a sports energy drink for 3 consecutive years.

Everything is going well with Ken Matthews until he met a tragic vehicular accident one night after attending his girlfriend’s gig in Embassy a popular club along Hollywood drive. The vehicular accident caused
him his knees. The athletic doctor in West Beverly High ordered him to undergo a total knee replacement surgery, for Ken to have the chance to save his football career.

After 6 weeks of his knee surgery, he has undergone rehabilitation and ordered to rest for 8 months. And then 12 months have passed. Mr. Ken Matthews is gradually coming back to the sports circuit. He just signed another contract for his product endorsement and he is taking up remedial classes to make up for his absence in class. Most importantly his college scholarship in UCLA is still in the bag.

knee-replacement-surgery3His girlfriend Jessica Wakefield (pronounced as Wakefield), was by his side all the time during his recuperation.

West Beverly’s quarterback is beginning to let his star shine again. Indeed the complete knee replacement he went through was a success. His orthopaedic surgeon and West Beverly’s sports physician has contributed a lot to make this dynamic young man achieve his dreams.

Mr. Ken Matthews thought after the accident, that it was the end of the road for him. His knee surgery has taken away that sad thought.

Learn More About Knee Arthroscopy

This surgical procedure permits orthopedic experts to see inside the knee and to help out analytic and treatment measures through minor entry points. This way to deal with surgery lessens torment, minimizes scarring, and accelerates the recuperation period when contrasted with traditional knee replacement.

Knee Arthroscopy includes the orthopedic specialist to utilizing a gadget known as an arthroscopic. This instrument is a minor, pen-moulded gadget that has a little camcorder joined to the end. The arthroscopic is embedded into the knee through little entry points and the camera transfers pictures to a PC screen. Our orthopedic experts can utilize these pictures to analyse knee issues. When that is done, the specialist can complete the fitting methodology in the same surgical setting. Orthopedic pros can utilize arthroscopic surgery to perform an assortment of strategies. These incorporate the repair or recreation of torn ligaments, the evacuation of little free bits of bone. The hard tissue that give a basic backing to the body. It is fundamentally made out of hydroxyapatite cyst or cartilage. The hard, thin layer of white lustrous tissue that covers the end of bone at a joint. This tissue permits movement, and repair or resection of torn meniscus tissue. A significant number of these conditions emerge because of a knee harm or degeneration. There are numerous advantages of knee arthroscopy when contrasted with conventional surgery. With this method, you prone to encounter less agony after the surgery and you have a lower danger of developing certain entanglements like contamination or scarring.

Furthermore, the healing facility stay is shorter as most knee arthroscopic surgeries are performed on an outpatient premise in a detached surgery focus. The best advantage is normally a speedier general recuperation. All therapeutic and surgical techniques have some danger. With knee arthroscopy, the dangers are insignificant and our orthopaedic authority will talk about these with you preceding your surgery. These dangers rely on upon your present condition of health, the sort of surgery performed, and the degree of your harm or knee issue. Preceding an arthroscopic methodology, contingent upon your general health you may need to see an essential tend to a general physical examination. What’s more, you should educate the specialist concerning any medicines you are taking and he may instruct you to stop some with respect to these before the methodology. You should begin practicing the knee quickly after your method to restore scope of movement and quality to the joint. While numerous patients return to ordinary exercises without much difficulty, plan to talk about this issue with your orthopaedic master, as he may have a specific recovery program for you to take after. Instantly after your knee arthroscopy you will encounter some swelling and inconvenience of the knee.

This will typically keep going for a couple of days, however. Your specialist will endorse specific solutions that work to mitigate these side effects and offer you some assistance with getting back on your feet.  Additionally, you ought to hope to feel somewhat stiff when performing activities ahead of schedule after knee replacement surgery. Any movement that prompts significant distress ought to be halted instantly and your orthopaedic expert ought to be notified. Our orthopaedic specialists ask for that you raise your leg as often as possible and use ice to lessen swelling.