Category: Knee Replacement

How to Treat a Knee Replacement

Knee replacements are painful and it can take quite some time to get back into the swing of things following the replacement operation. With grit, patience, and a determination to get back to doing things as you did before the knee went wonky, you’ll be up and about in no time. Here are some suggestions to help you through.

Knee Replacement Surgery

1. Use the pain medication that is provided for you
Do not be afraid to consult orthopaedic doctor if the 4-6 hour interval between doses doesn’t manage the pain. You need to have treatment for the pain that works for you and the doctor might have to tailor it specifically.

2. Obey your physical therapist!
The rules are there for a reason, so that you don’t go past your limits, or so that you don’t simply give up and do nothing. Follow the therapist’s instructions as best you can and explain if anything is too difficult for you.

3. Be prepared for intense pain and find ways to distract yourself
The pain is intense the first 14 days post op. Have a raft of activities around you to keep your mind on other things and coping with it as it heals. Each day promises to be better as you mend.

4. Move, move, move! Keep moving
This is the best way to help your body heal and to prevent any complications from arising.

Source Content By – wikihow

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11 Tips to Take Care About Total Knee Replacement Surgery – Dr.Simon Coffey

1. On the Road to Recovery
When it comes to knee replacement surgery, the procedure itself, while obviously important, is just one step in the process. What happens after the surgery—the recovery and rehabilitation—is just essential to the overall success of the procedure.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Sydney

Here are some strategies to help guide you through recovery and rehabilitation.

2. Take Your Recovery and Rehab Seriously
It’s important to not let your routine slide. Use your continuous passive motion (CPM) machine as advised by your doctor, and perform all the exercises your physical therapist prescribes. Attend your follow-up appointments with your surgeon and go to all your physical therapy sessions, even when you don’t feel like it. Take medications as prescribed and do not stop any medication without checking with your doctor.

3. Improve Your Extension and Flexion
Bend and straighten your leg as much as possible. One way to improve your extension is to lay down, with a rolled towel placed underneath your ankle while lying down—try to keep your leg as straight as possible. You can improve your flexion by sitting on a chair and bending your knee back (i.e., curling your leg underneath the seat of the chair). Also, talk to your physical therapist to learn if they recommend continuing use of the CPM machine to help you expand your range of motion.

4. Avoid Unnecessary Stress on Your Knee
Avoid lifting heavy objects that could place an excessive amount of stress on your artificial knee—and possibly damage it. Also, when you turn to face a different direction, make sure you turn your entire body and avoid twisting your knee pain. It is important to monitor your form when you bend down, kneel, and sit. Perform these regular movements with your physical therapist, so that he or she can help you learn how to do them safely and efficiently.

5. Take Recommended Supplements and Vitamins
Talk to your doctor about vitamins or supplements that might help. One study found that 43 percent of patients scheduled to undergo orthopaedic surgeon have insufficient levels of vitamin D. Also, many orthopedic patients take iron to help replenish blood count after surgery. Since you might be compensating with your non-operated knee during the early stages of rehab, you may want to consider supplements that can aid in muscle recovery.

6. Wear Compression Stockings
If your doctor suggests that you wear compression stockings post-surgery, keep them on at night or while lying down. They can help reduce the risk of blood clots. Make sure you wear them until your doctor says that it’s okay to stop.

7. Keep the Ice and Heat On
Icing your knee replacement can reduce inflammation and pain. It is particularly effective for the first several days after surgery and during any flare up. After the initial swelling has decreased, you can alternate ice and heat—which relaxes the muscles and eases stiffness.

8. Minimize or Avoid Alcohol & Smoking
Avoid drinking alcohol if you are taking a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin) or taking any narcotic pain medication. If you smoke, make an effort to cut back or stop. Smoking shrinks your blood vessels, which makes the healing process slower. Healthier lungs lead to higher blood oxygen levels—and faster healing.

9. Watch Your Weight
Keep your weight down. Extra pounds put greater pressure on your new knee Surgery, and can slow your recovery. Also, if you are overweight you can risk developing osteoarthritis in your other knee. Learn more about the connection between your weight and your new knee.

10. Go for Walks and Exercise Sensibly
Walking and exercise help strengthen the muscles in your legs and improve overall blood flow. Take outside walks as soon as possible and increase the distance a bit each day. Moving around the house doesn’t provide enough exercise. In addition, as your knee grows stronger, consider low impact activities like swimming, golf, gardening, and peddling on a stationary bike to aid in rehab.

11. Avoid High Impact Activities
As your knee grows stronger you may be tempted to resume your favorite sports. However, high impact activities like running, downhill skiing, and vigorous court games could cause serious pain and problems or damage your prosthetic device. Explore ways in which you can engage in the sports you like, without excessive impact. For example, try power walking instead of running, or doubles instead of singles tennis.

Source Content By – healthline

 

The Common Causes Of Severe Knee Surgery Pain – Simon Coffey

Most people experience knee surgery pain at some point in their lives. Sports, exercise, and other activities can cause muscle strains, tendinitis, and more serious injuries to ligaments and cartilage. For some, knee pain can be so severe that it limits daily activities. For others, mild knee pain may be a chronic hindrance to the active lifestyle they desire. In either case, chances are that you’re dealing with a knee problem that shouldn’t be ignored.

knee-surgery-simon-coffey

Knee Ligament Injuries
The ligaments are what connect your thigh bone to your lower leg bones. They hold your bones together and keep the knee stable. Knee ligament sprains and tears are very common sports injuries and can occur to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and medial collateral ligament (MCL). Any of these injuries can result in severe knee pain and could require surgery.

Knee Cartilage Tears
Other injuries, including tears, can take place in the cartilage of the knee. Cartilage is a semi-hard (tough, but flexible) tissue that covers the end of your bones. Knee cartilage comprises the two menisci on either side of the joint: the medial meniscus, located on the inside of the knee and the lateral meniscus, positioned on the outside of the knee. You’ve probably heard the phrase “meniscus tear”. A tear in the knee cartilage is a common injury, and typically requires surgery.

Arthritis of the Knee
Arthritis is a common cause of severe knee pain and disability. Unfortunately, arthritis is a chronic degenerative condition that can eventually require surgery. The three most common types of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, and osteoarthritis. In the case of any of these three, you may experience stiffness and swelling, and it may be hard to bend your knee.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Knee
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes the tissue around the joint to become inflamed and thickened. Chronic inflammation often leads to damage and loss of cartilage. Rheumatoid arthritis represents only about 10 percent to 15 percent of all arthritis cases.

Post-Traumatic Arthritis
Post-traumatic arthritis can result after a serious knee injury, including bone fractures and ligament tears. These injuries can damage the cartilage in your knee over time and lead to pain, swelling, and stiffness.

Osteoarthritis of the Knee
The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which is a progressive wearing of the cartilage in the knee joint. It occurs more frequently in individuals 50 and older. After 50, the impact of osteoarthritis can worsen due to accumulated use and the wearing down of cartilage that occurs with age. Osteoarthritis of the knee causes pain, limited range of motion, stiffness of the knee, swelling of the joint, tenderness, deformity and weakness.

Causes of osteoarthritis include age, weight, genetics, previous injuries, infections, and illness (such as a tumor or gout). Osteoarthritis can also be caused by sports injuries and wear and tear resulting from physical work in occupations, such as construction and manufacturing.

Diagnosing Knee Pain
Doctors diagnose arthritis and other knee problems using x-rays and a physical evaluation. You will be asked about your pain level, knee flexibility and function, and general mobility. Medical professionals will also use special tests to identify the type of arthritis affecting your knee.

Treating Knee Pain from Arthritis
Knee pain usually becomes worse as arthritis progresses. Common treatments include: weight loss, strengthening exercises, wrapping, and pain relievers—such as acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

While osteoarthritis is the most common surgical patient diagnosis, those with severe pain from any type of arthritis may benefit from surgery, including a partial or total knee replacement. It’s crucial to discuss and explore all treatment options with your doctor before opting for surgery.

Source By – healthline

Revision Total Knee Replacement

Most knee replacements provide very good long term function for many years after implantation. The most recent figures from The AOANJRR (Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement  Registry) reveal that the revision rate for Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty at 15 years is 7%. Most of these replacements have failed either as a result of infection or premature wear.

After a long period of time, a knee replacement can wear out. Sometimes the procedure to correct this problem is as simple as changing the polyethylene bearing insert in the knee – much like a retread on a car tyre. Other times a much more extensive procedure is required where all the major components of the knee are exchanged. Each of these procedures can renew the life of knee replacement for another 10-15 years.

Below is an example of a worn out polyethylene bearing which was able to be swapped out for a new one.

Another example of a much more extensive procedure appears below.

knee-arthroscopy

The decision as to whether to do the more minor operation or the larger one is best left to your specialist total knee replacement surgeon who will consider the pros and cons of each operation.

Knee Replacement surgeons, Sydney

For those who suffer severe and debilitating pain from osteoarthritis or injury of the knee, there is always the option to consult the expertise of orthopaedic or knee replacement surgeons. Sydney has a number of knee replacement Orthopaedic surgeons though few capable of safely completing the simultaneous replacement of both knees.

bilateral-knee-replacement

One knee replacement surgeon in Sydney with experience in replacing both knees in one procedure is Dr. Simon Coffey. He is practicing in both Penrith and Macquarie University, Sydney.

Patients eligible for bilateral simultaneous knee replacement most often suffer from the osteoarthritic degeneration of both knees. Both knees are required to be equally dysfunctional and painful for the procedure to be considered. This is due to the fact that the progress of the disease can stabilise once strength is restored to the knee operated on. This post-operative improvement can often delay the need for a second knee replacement by several years.

If a patient meets the criteria for simultaneous bilateral  knee replacement, the benefits are twofold in comparison to having two separate operations.

The first is that the recovery time of the rehabilitation process is reduced. The advantage of a single recovery period also lessens the work-related burdens of asking for two extended blocks of sick leave. Asking for two lots of sick leave can lead to secondary financial issues as well.

The second benefit is the reduced cost of undergoing one procedure as opposed to having to pay for two.

However, due to the longer duration, higher potential for blood loss and cardiovascular complications of the surgery, the overall health of the patient needs to be robust in order for the operation to go ahead.

The preconditions a patient must meet to be eligible for a bilateral simultaneous knee replacement are:

  • Under 80 years of age
  • No history of systemic cardiovascular disease
  • No history of Kidney disease
  • No history of Diabetes
  • Presently experiencing bilateral debilitating knee pain

To be certain patients meet these criteria, thorough preoperative tests need to be undertaken. Other personal considerations like the impact on your work commitments and support network are also an important part of making your decision.

If you experience severe and debilitating pain in both knees, then there is a knee replacement surgeon in Sydney who can help you investigate your options. With a successful record for knowing and picking the right candidates to receive this life-changing operation, Dr. Simon Coffey is one of the very few Sydney based surgeons able to help.

Knee Surgery: A Solution To Avoid Knee Arthritis

Painful knees are a common problem in middle-aged people and elders, and the most common cause of knee pain in this population is Knee Arthritis. There are few treatments for knee arthritis early can help alleviate pain and return people to their daily activities. As some point, arthritis of the knee begins to interfere with the quality of life to the point that something has to change. When treatments such as Anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections and physical therapy, do not improve the situation total knee replacement may be an option. The most general reason of chronic knee pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis are the most common. Osteoarthritis generally occurs after age 50 and often in an individual with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away. The bones rub together, causing pain and stiffness in the knee. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid over-fills the joint space. This chronic inflammation can damage cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain and stiffness. Traumatic arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears in the ligaments of the knee can damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limited function of the knee.

Recent Advances in Knee Joint Replacement Surgery: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has developed knee replacement surgery, and many fields of medicine. Its key feature is that it uses specific methods and instrumentation to let surgeons execute major surgery without any large cut. MIS requires a much smaller incision, three inches to five years, compared to standard approach and the incision, which is usually eight to twelve inches. The smaller, less invasive approaches result in less tissue trauma, allowing the surgeon to work between the quadriceps muscle fibers rather than requiring an incision through the tendon. It may lead to less pain, shorter recovery time and better motion due to reduced formation of scar tissue. When a full knee surgery is performed, the bone and cartilage at the end of the thighbone (femur) and upper shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is done with accuracy to craft accurate surfaces to accommodate the implant. A metal and plastic implant knee replacement are put to work as a new knee joint. Depending on the condition of the cartilage on the under surface of the kneecap, this may also be replaced.

The knee prosthesis implants can wear out over time. The implant is made of metal and plastic, and while these implants are designed to last many years, all of which take time. Studies have shown knee replacement implants are functioning well in 90-95% of patients between 10 and 15 years after the knee surgery. Most full knee replacements last 20 years and many of them last longer. However, it is important to understand that there are possible complications of knee replacement surgery may reduce the life of the implant. Because of this, total knee replacement should be reserved for elderly patients with significant symptoms of arthritis.

Learn More About Knee Arthroscopy

This surgical procedure permits orthopedic experts to see inside the knee and to help out analytic and treatment measures through minor entry points. This way to deal with surgery lessens torment, minimizes scarring, and accelerates the recuperation period when contrasted with traditional knee replacement.

Knee Arthroscopy includes the orthopedic specialist to utilizing a gadget known as an arthroscopic. This instrument is a minor, pen-moulded gadget that has a little camcorder joined to the end. The arthroscopic is embedded into the knee through little entry points and the camera transfers pictures to a PC screen. Our orthopedic experts can utilize these pictures to analyse knee issues. When that is done, the specialist can complete the fitting methodology in the same surgical setting. Orthopedic pros can utilize arthroscopic surgery to perform an assortment of strategies. These incorporate the repair or recreation of torn ligaments, the evacuation of little free bits of bone. The hard tissue that give a basic backing to the body. It is fundamentally made out of hydroxyapatite cyst or cartilage. The hard, thin layer of white lustrous tissue that covers the end of bone at a joint. This tissue permits movement, and repair or resection of torn meniscus tissue. A significant number of these conditions emerge because of a knee harm or degeneration. There are numerous advantages of knee arthroscopy when contrasted with conventional surgery. With this method, you prone to encounter less agony after the surgery and you have a lower danger of developing certain entanglements like contamination or scarring.

Furthermore, the healing facility stay is shorter as most knee arthroscopic surgeries are performed on an outpatient premise in a detached surgery focus. The best advantage is normally a speedier general recuperation. All therapeutic and surgical techniques have some danger. With knee arthroscopy, the dangers are insignificant and our orthopaedic authority will talk about these with you preceding your surgery. These dangers rely on upon your present condition of health, the sort of surgery performed, and the degree of your harm or knee issue. Preceding an arthroscopic methodology, contingent upon your general health you may need to see an essential tend to a general physical examination. What’s more, you should educate the specialist concerning any medicines you are taking and he may instruct you to stop some with respect to these before the methodology. You should begin practicing the knee quickly after your method to restore scope of movement and quality to the joint. While numerous patients return to ordinary exercises without much difficulty, plan to talk about this issue with your orthopaedic master, as he may have a specific recovery program for you to take after. Instantly after your knee arthroscopy you will encounter some swelling and inconvenience of the knee.

This will typically keep going for a couple of days, however. Your specialist will endorse specific solutions that work to mitigate these side effects and offer you some assistance with getting back on your feet.  Additionally, you ought to hope to feel somewhat stiff when performing activities ahead of schedule after knee replacement surgery. Any movement that prompts significant distress ought to be halted instantly and your orthopaedic expert ought to be notified. Our orthopaedic specialists ask for that you raise your leg as often as possible and use ice to lessen swelling.