Month: December 2015

Understanding Total Hip Replacement Surgery


A procedure in which the damaged or broken hip parts or areas are replaced with synthetic and artificial materials with durable and smooth substance to help make joints work properly is called hip replacement. To know what type of surgery is needed, the person that will undergo replacement should be examined by orthopedic surgeon. Nowadays, one of the most effective solutions to recuperate damaged hip due to arthritis or injury is hip replacement surgery.

Understanding Partial and Total Hip Replacement

Understanding hip replacement is important to be able to prepare for the surgery. First, we need to understand the difference between partial and total hip replacement. Now, both partial and total replacement will need a replacement in certain or all areas of the hip. In partial hip replacement, only half of the hip joint needs replacement. This occurs once the ball of the femur gets worn-out hence limiting movement and motion of the leg and creating ache and discomfort while walking. Total hip replacement, however, uses a synthetic joint in order to replace whole damaged hip framework. The process is similar to the partial replacement surgery, just this point the socket is replaced as well with synthetic.

Some Preparations You Can Do Before Undergoing Hip Replacement Surgery

Oftentimes, when you have made a decision to go for hip replacement surgery, you’ll be given a full physical examination by the GP to make sure you are generally in good health and sufficient to undergo the surgery and find out regardless of whether you have conditions or problems which may affect the procedure or even your healing. Other tests you need to go through like a chest x-ray, cardiogram, and urine and blood samples. If you are taking any medicine, it is important that you let your GP know about this so that they can give you advice prior to the surgery.

It’s good to donate blood prior to surgery.  You may need blood while in or following the surgery. Moreover, overweight may increase risks of surgery and will put more force on your artificial joint which could affect to your recovery. Have a dental check-up prior to the surgery. Even regular teeth’s cleaning isn’t recommended for a few months following the surgery. Finally, your skin must not have problems or bacterial infections when you go through surgery. Consult your GP to get a treatment if you are experiencing any of these.

In conclusion, it is important to understand what the hip replacement surgery can affect you. Hip replacement surgery won’t allow you to perform greater than was doable before. After the surgery, it is strongly recommended that you refrain from certain actions and high-impact sports such as jogging, basketball or cycling. You should also need to avoid particular posture of hip joint that could result in dislocation.

Hip replacement surgery has become an excellent and efficient treatment to repair hip injury. It is important to consider your alternatives by consulting with your GP so that you could be sure if this procedure suits your current condition.


Knee Surgery: A Solution To Avoid Knee Arthritis

Painful knees are a common problem in middle-aged people and elders, and the most common cause of knee pain in this population is Knee Arthritis. There are few treatments for knee arthritis early can help alleviate pain and return people to their daily activities. As some point, arthritis of the knee begins to interfere with the quality of life to the point that something has to change. When treatments such as Anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections and physical therapy, do not improve the situation total knee replacement may be an option. The most general reason of chronic knee pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and traumatic arthritis are the most common. Osteoarthritis generally occurs after age 50 and often in an individual with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away. The bones rub together, causing pain and stiffness in the knee. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid over-fills the joint space. This chronic inflammation can damage cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain and stiffness. Traumatic arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears in the ligaments of the knee can damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limited function of the knee.

Recent Advances in Knee Joint Replacement Surgery: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has developed knee replacement surgery, and many fields of medicine. Its key feature is that it uses specific methods and instrumentation to let surgeons execute major surgery without any large cut. MIS requires a much smaller incision, three inches to five years, compared to standard approach and the incision, which is usually eight to twelve inches. The smaller, less invasive approaches result in less tissue trauma, allowing the surgeon to work between the quadriceps muscle fibers rather than requiring an incision through the tendon. It may lead to less pain, shorter recovery time and better motion due to reduced formation of scar tissue. When a full knee surgery is performed, the bone and cartilage at the end of the thighbone (femur) and upper shin bone (tibia) are removed. This is done with accuracy to craft accurate surfaces to accommodate the implant. A metal and plastic implant knee replacement are put to work as a new knee joint. Depending on the condition of the cartilage on the under surface of the kneecap, this may also be replaced.

The knee prosthesis implants can wear out over time. The implant is made of metal and plastic, and while these implants are designed to last many years, all of which take time. Studies have shown knee replacement implants are functioning well in 90-95% of patients between 10 and 15 years after the knee surgery. Most full knee replacements last 20 years and many of them last longer. However, it is important to understand that there are possible complications of knee replacement surgery may reduce the life of the implant. Because of this, total knee replacement should be reserved for elderly patients with significant symptoms of arthritis.